Volusia County Department of Elections
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Military and Overseas Citizens Voter Information

Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA)

The federal Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) and conforming state legislation cover active duty members of the United States armed forces, the merchant marines, spouses and dependents of all, and United States citizens residing overseas.

How to  Register to Vote

  • Obtain a Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) from a Voting Assistance Officer (VAO);

  • Visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program web site, www.fvap.gov, to obtain a Federal Post Card Application;

  • Visit the Voter Registration section of our web site to obtain a Florida Voter Registration Application.

    • Military voters residing within the county in which they wish to register should use the Florida Voter Registration Application and indicate their military status, so the Supervisor may flag the record and ensure their UOCAVA status when they move out of the county and wish to maintain voting residency.

    • UOCAVA voters using the Florida Voter Registration Application Form who indicate their military status as part of the optional information will have the same privileges extended to them.

How to Request a Vote-By-Mail Ballot

  • In order to receive vote-by-mail ballots in a timely manner, voter registration records should be updated annually.  For information on updating voter records, click here.

    • A Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) may be used to request an absentee ballot.

    • Requests for vote-by-mail ballots may be made in person, by mail, phone, fax, email, or online To access a printable request form, click here.

Overseas Voters

Military and citizens residing overseas (those with an APO, FPO or foreign address only, not Guam, American Samoa, etc.) may have vote-by-mail ballots faxed or emailed.

Overseas voters who provide an email address will be advised of the candidates and races via email at least 30 days before statewide elections.

  • We encourage all UOCAVA voters to include their email addresses on any forms or correspondence, and to update them along with mailing addresses whenever they move

  • The most important thing to remember is to notify the Supervisor of Elections office of address changes so you donít jeopardize your active voter registration status, and email is the best way.

Returning A Vote-By-Mail Ballot

  • Once you have voted your ballot, carefully follow the instructions on returning your ballot.

  • Overseas military and citizens residing overseas may return a voted vote-by-mail ballot by fax via a secured telephone line, (386) 740-8850.  Note: Faxing a voted vote-by-mail ballot will be waiving the right to privacy.

    • Access to faxed Vote-By-Mail Ballots in the elections office is extremely restricted and ballots are immediately placed in secrecy envelopes.

      • Only the Voter's Certificate, which must be signed and dated, is examined.

  • Domestic military voters, regardless of the manner in which the ballot was received (mail, email, or fax), MUST return the ballot by mail or in person.

  • A voted vote-by-mail ballot must be received in the office of the Supervisor of Elections  by 7:00 pm on Election Day.

MOVE Act (Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment)

As a result of the MOVE Act voters can now check Voter Registration and Vote-By-Mail Ballot status or submit voter registration changes, questions and vote-by-mail requests through:

Federal Write-In Ballots (FWAB)

The FWAB is an alternative ballot for overseas and uniformed services voters who may not receive a vote-by-mail ballot in a timely manner.

  • Federal write-in ballots can only be used if a vote-by-mail ballot has been requested by the voter.

State Write-In Ballot

State write-in vote-by-mail ballots shall be made available to voters 90 to 180 days prior to a general election.

  • In the request, the voter must indicate that due to military or other contingencies that preclude normal mail delivery, the voter cannot vote a regular vote-by-mail ballot during the normal voting period.

  • The ballot will contain only the races, and the voter must fill in the names of candidates OR write in the name of a political party, in which case all candidates of that party will be counted if they are in fact on the ballot.

Late Registration

An individual, or accompanying family member, who has been discharged or separated from the uniformed services or Merchant Marine, or from employment outside the territorial limits of the United States, after the book closing* (deadline to register to vote) for an election, and who is otherwise qualified, may register to vote in such election at the Supervisor of Elections office until 5:00 p.m. on the Friday before the election. Such persons must produce sufficient documentation showing evidence of qualifying for the late registration pursuant to Section 97.0555 Florida Statutes.

*Book Closing (deadline to register to vote) is 29 days before an election.


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